【行业新闻】仪器仪表迈向智能化发展-西安华恒变送器厂家
【行业新闻】仪器仪表迈向智能化发展
信息来源: 华恒 | [ 2019-04-10 ] 点击量: 314

   新一代人工智能正在全球范围内蓬勃兴起,相比于20年前的互联网革命,由人工智能掀起的这场新一轮科技和产业革命更加势如破竹。尤其是在我国,短短几年间就引领了一阵“AI热”。早在2015年,我国就出台了《关于积极推动“互联网+”行动的指导意见》,首次提出培育发展人工智能产业,并将人工智能列为11项重点行动之一;2016年,人工智能又被写入“十三五”规划以及多份产业指导文件之中;2017年,“人工智能”首次被写入政府工作报告;2018年,政府工作报告再次提到“做大做强新兴产业集群,实施大数据发展行动,加强新一代人工智能研发应用”……

 
  A new generation of AI is booming all over the world.Compared with the Internet revolution 20 years ago,the new round of technological and industrial revolution initiated by AI is even more powerful.Especially in China,in a few years,it has led a"AI fever".As early as 2015,China issued the guidance on actively promoting the"Internet+"action.For the first time,it put forward the development of artificial intelligence industry,and listed artificial intelligence as one of the 11 key actions.In 2016,AI was written into the 13th Five-Year plan and many industry guidance documents.In 2017,AI was first written into the government work report.In 2018,the government's work report once again mentions"enlarging and strengthening emerging industrial clusters,implementing big data development actions,and strengthening the new generation of artificial intelligence research and development applications"...
 
  除此之外,北京、上海、天津、浙江、安徽、吉林、贵州等20个省市也已根据各地实际发展情况出台了人工智能产业政策和措施,率先踏上人工智能发展之路。作为一场跨国、跨学科的科学探索工程,人工智能之火势必会燃烧到制造业。在中国制造业转型升级的大潮中,人工智能作为新一轮产业变革的核心驱动力,或将成为重要的主宰力量。正如马云在今年的大会上所说的,“未来十年到十五年,传统制造业面临的痛苦将会远远超过今天的想象。企业如果不能从规模化、标准化向个性化和智慧化转型,将很难生存下去”。可以想见,未来只有用好智能技术的企业才能够称得上成功,反之则很有可能被无情淘汰。
 
  In addition,20 provinces and municipalities,such as Beijing,Shanghai,Tianjin,Zhejiang,Anhui,Jilin and Guizhou,have also issued policies and measures for AI industry according to the actual development situation of various regions,taking the lead in the development of AI.As a transnational and interdisciplinary scientific exploration project,the fire of artificial intelligence is bound to burn into the manufacturing industry.In the tide of transformation and upgrading of China's manufacturing industry,artificial intelligence,as the core driving force of a new round of industrial change,may become an important dominant force.As Ma Yun said at this year's conference,"In the next ten to fifteen years,the suffering of traditional manufacturing industry will be far greater than today's imagination.It will be difficult for enterprises to survive if they can not transform from scale,standardization to individualization and wisdom.It can be imagined that in the future,only enterprises using intelligent technology can be called successful,and vice versa,they are likely to be mercilessly eliminated.
 
  作为中国制造业的重要基础性产业,仪器仪表行业无疑也将面临人工智能的大洗牌。它就像一个用于过滤的筛子,完成智能化转型的企业留在上头,而其他企业则无法再立足。虽然相比于其他新兴产业,仪器仪表行业接触人工智能并不算早,但是已经有一批企业成为了先行者,证明了仪器仪表与人工智能之间结合的可能。譬如,虚拟仪器、智能仪器的诞生已经有了人工智能的特征——操作自动化、数据处理、人机对话等等。
 
  As an important basic industry of China's manufacturing industry,the instrument industry will undoubtedly face a major shuffle of artificial intelligence.It's like a sieve for filtering.Enterprises that complete the intelligent transformation remain on top,while other enterprises can't stand on it anymore.Although compared with other emerging industries,it is not too early for instrument industry to contact AI,but a number of enterprises have become pioneers,which proves that the combination of instrument and AI is possible.For example,the birth of virtual instrument and intelligent instrument has the characteristics of artificial intelligence,such as operation automation,data processing,man-machine dialogue and so on.
 
  专业人士分析,仪器仪表行业正在从自动化向智能化方向发展,更确切地说,是朝着微型化、多功能化、人工智能化、虚拟化等方向发展。
 
  Professionals analysis,the instrument industry is developing from automation to intellectualization,more precisely,towards miniaturization,multi-function,artificial intelligence,virtualization and other directions.
 
  首先是微型化,这不仅是人工智能的发展需求,也是工业自动化的需求。企业需要在保证仪器原有性能的基础上,开发出体型更小、更轻便甚至功能更强大的微型仪器。此前刚刚获得第二十四届IBO设计大奖的三款仪器产品,就是优化了仪器的占地空间,满足了用户对微型化、集成化的要求。
 
  The first is miniaturization,which is not only the development demand of artificial intelligence,but also the demand of industrial automation.Enterprises need to develop smaller,lighter and even more powerful micro-instruments on the basis of guaranteeing the original performance of the instruments.The three instruments that have just won the 24th IBO Design Award are designed to optimize the space occupied by the instruments and meet the user's requirements for miniaturization and integration.
 
  其次是多功能化,虽然目前专业化仪器仪表产品层出不穷,但对于用户而言,拥有一台多功能的综合性产品显然更为方便。多功能仪器就像一款“万能”的瑞士军刀,可以满足用户多种需求,还可以组合使用,提供更好的解决方案。从长远角度来说,有利于降低仪器购买和维护成本,缩小占地空间,提高设备利用率。
 
  Secondly,multi-function.Although there are many specialized instruments and instruments,it is obviously more convenient for users to have a multi-functional comprehensive product.Multifunctional instruments,like a"universal"Swiss Army knife,can meet the needs of users,but also can be combined to provide better solutions.From a long-term perspective,it is conducive to reducing the cost of equipment purchase and maintenance,reducing the space occupied,and improving the utilization rate of equipment.
 
  再有就是人工智能化,也就是仪器仪表与人工智能结合的关键所在。简单地说,这就是利用计算机模拟人的智能,代替人的一部分脑力劳动,从而为仪器仪表赋以人的视觉、听觉乃至思维能力。可以想象,未来实验室内用户可以不再动脑筋处理仪器输出的数据,而是可以直接拿到一份完整的分析报告。他们的工作可能仅仅在于设计实验,而不用再费心于数据的处理。
 
  Then there is artificial intelligence,which is the key to the combination of instruments and artificial intelligence.Simply put,this is to use computer to simulate human intelligence,instead of part of human mental work,so as to endow the instrument with human visual,auditory and even thinking ability.It is conceivable that in the future,users in the laboratory can get a complete analysis report directly instead of using their brains to process the data output from the instrument.Their job may be to design experiments without having to bother with data processing.
 
  此外,虚拟仪器将成为智能仪器发展的新阶段、新方向。它以软件系统为核心,提供数据采集、数据分析和数据显示等功能,只要配备一定的硬件,应用不同的软件编程,就可得到功能完全不同的测量仪器。自1986年问世以来,虚拟仪器已渐渐成为广大工程师和科学家的“得力帮手”,并在近几年越来越受重视。它的出现,为世界仪器仪表产业注入了新鲜血液,并彻底改写了测试测量产业的发展格局。
 
  In addition,virtual instrument will become a new stage and direction of intelligent instrument development.It takes the software system as the core and provides functions of data acquisition,data analysis and data display.As long as it is equipped with certain hardware and programmed with different software,it can obtain measuring instruments with completely different functions.Since its advent in 1986,virtual instrument has gradually become the"effective assistant"of engineers and scientists,and has been paid more and more attention in recent years.Its appearance has injected fresh blood into the world instrument industry,and completely rewritten the development pattern of the test and measurement industry.