【行业新闻】《国家节水行动方案》发布 智慧水务迎来发展良机-西安华恒仪表制造有限公司
【行业新闻】《国家节水行动方案》发布 智慧水务迎来发展良机
信息来源: 华恒 | [ 2019-05-10 ] 点击量: 239

   日前,国家发展改革委、水利部联合印发了《国家节水行动方案》,计划到2020年,节水政策法规、市场机制、标准体系趋于完善,万元国内生产总值用水量、万元工业增加值用水量较2015年分别降低23%和20%。

 
  Recently,the State Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Water Resources jointly issued the National Water Saving Action Plan.It is planned that by 2020,water saving policies,regulations,market mechanism and standard system will be improved,and water consumption of 10,000 yuan of gross domestic product and 10,000 yuan of industrial added value will be reduced by 23%and 20%respectively compared with 2015.
 
  根据统计数据显示,截至2017年底,我国人均水资源量为2074.53立方米/人,仅为世界平均水平的1/4,是联合国13个贫水国之一,特别是北方和部分东部地区人均水资源量严重偏低。而水资源量严重偏低的一个重要原因就是跑水漏水现象的出现。据了解,我国的单位管长漏损量为1.86立方米/千米·时,远高于发达国家的水平。
 
  According to the statistical data,by the end of 2017,China's per capita water resources amount was 2074.53 cubic meters per person,only 1/4 of the world average level.It is one of the 13 poor countries in the United Nations,especially in the north and some Eastern regions.An important reason for the serious low water resources is the emergence of water leakage.It is understood that the unit pipe length leakage of our country is 1.86 cubic meters/kilometers per hour,which is much higher than that of developed countries.
 
  我国共有660多个城市,2500多个县城和30000多个行政建制镇,每个城镇基本上都拥有给水排水系统,要想对跑水漏水现象进行全面监测,并不容易。同时大部分水务管理水平低下,漏损检测设备的检测精度和稳定性不高,仅靠仪器设备无法解决大规模管网漏损检测难题。为此,《国家节水行动方案》提出,要加强大数据、人工智能、区块链等新一代信息技术与节水技术、管理及产品的深度融合。
 
  There are more than 660 cities,more than 2500 counties and 30,000 administrative towns in China.Each town basically has a water supply and drainage system.It is not easy to monitor the phenomenon of water leakage in an all-round way.At the same time,most of the water management level is low,and the detection accuracy and stability of leakage detection equipment are not high.It is impossible to solve the problem of large-scale pipeline leakage detection only by means of instruments and equipment.Therefore,the National Water Saving Action Plan proposes to strengthen the deep integration of new generation information technology such as big data,artificial intelligence and block chain with water saving technology,management and products.
 
  业内人士认为,可以在用水监控信息技术研发、节水产品研发等方面,引入大数据、人工智能、虚拟现实等技术,实现用水及节水管理的智慧化。例如,形成跨行业、跨领域、跨地区的节水大数据组织、分析、存储、共享、自我学习技术,打造集智能感知、智能仿真、智能诊断、智能预报、智能调度、智能控制、智能处置和智能评价等功能于一体的智慧化节水管理应用平台等,智慧水务应运而生。有的企业已经在水务行业相关传感器及智能仪表,供水管网及设备监测控制设备、水务物联网、水力模型及水务集成智能软件等领域取得了重要的突破。
 
  Industry insiders believe that large data,artificial intelligence,virtual reality and other technologies can be introduced in the research and development of water monitoring information technology and water-saving products to realize the wisdom of water use and water-saving management.For example,the formation of large data organization,analysis,storage,sharing and self-learning technology for water-saving across industries,fields and regions,and the creation of intelligent water-saving management application platform integrating intelligent perception,intelligent simulation,intelligent diagnosis,intelligent prediction,intelligent dispatching,intelligent control,intelligent disposal and intelligent evaluation functions,etc.,emerged as the times require.Some enterprises have made important breakthroughs in water industry related sensors and intelligent instruments,water supply network and equipment monitoring and control equipment,water Internet of things,hydraulic model and water integrated intelligent software and other fields.
 
  智慧水务可以通过数采仪、无线网络、水质水压表等在线监测设备实时感知城市供排水系统的运行状态,采用可视化的方式有机整合水务管理部门与供排水设施,形成的“城市水务物联网”,将海量水务信息进行及时分析与处理,并做出相应的处理结果辅助决策建议,以更加精细和动态的方式管理水务系统的整个生产、管理和服务流程,从而达到“智慧”的状态。
 
  Intelligent water service can real-time perceive the operation status of urban water supply and drainage system through online monitoring equipment such as data acquisition instrument,wireless network,water quality pressure meter and so on.It integrates water management departments and water supply and drainage facilities in a visual way,forms the"Urban Water Internet of Things".The massive water information is analyzed and processed in time,and the corresponding processing results are made to assist decision-making.It is suggested that the whole production,management and service process of the service system be managed in a more refined and dynamic way,so as to achieve the state of"wisdom".
 
  比如说,智慧水务系统可以通过监测用户的用水曲线来对漏损水现象进行管理。一般情况下用户用水总归有用和不用的时候,那么监测到的用水曲线会有波动。如果监测发现用水量是一根线,而且半夜里用水量也是恒定的话,监测人员就会提醒用户要排查家里用水设备。此外,智慧水务系统可以通过智慧调峰系统,就可以在高峰与低谷的时候,在不增加或减少出厂水压情况下,自动调节水压和水量,降低漏损减少爆管事件发生。
 
  For example,the intelligent water system can manage the leakage phenomenon by monitoring the user's water use curve.In general,when the user's water use is always useful or not,the water use curve monitored will fluctuate.If the monitoring finds that the water consumption is a line and the water consumption is constant in the middle of the night,the monitors will remind the users to check the household water equipment.In addition,the intelligent water system can automatically adjust the water pressure and water volume,reduce leakage and reduce pipe burst incidents at peak and trough without increasing or reducing the water pressure of the factory.
 
  近日,全国首座“智慧水务实验基地”在上海青浦建成,将供水行业与人工智能相结合,并走在了全国前列。基地里分布着20多处大型供水设施和设备,200多套各类型硬件传感器,5000多米的管路系统。同时结合最前沿的AI算法等技术,可为大型供水系统提供精准的模拟仿真实验,同时更有效的解决系统压力不平衡、管网漏损等难题。同时也将为社会培养更多动手强、能力强的新型水务人才,助力我国智慧水务的长远发展。
 
  Recently,the first"intelligent water experiment base"in China was built in Qingpu,Shanghai.It combines the water supply industry with artificial intelligence,and is at the forefront of the country.There are more than 20 large-scale water supply facilities and equipment,more than 200 sets of various types of hardware sensors and more than 5000 meters of pipeline system in the base.At the same time,the combination of the most advanced AI algorithm and other technologies can provide accurate simulation experiments for large-scale water supply system,and more effectively solve the system pressure imbalance,pipeline leakage and other difficult problems.At the same time,it will also train more hands-on and capable new water talents for the society,and help the long-term development of China's intelligent water affairs.
 
  从现实需求和发展现状来看,我国未来节水技术推广和产业化空间很大。目前,国家正在积极推进各行业节水技术的推广与集成应用。智慧水务可以最大化的减少漏损水现象的发生,保护水资源,未来还有很大的发展前景。
 
  From the point of view of actual demand and development status,there is a great space for the promotion and industrialization of water-saving technology in China in the future.At present,the country is actively promoting the promotion and integrated application of water-saving technologies in various industries.Intelligent water can minimize the occurrence of water leakage and protect water resources.There are still great prospects for development in the future.