|信息来源： 华恒 | 2019-05-14点击量： 409|
On May 5,Zhengzhou City of Henan Province issued three policies,namely,Several Policies and Measures for Enlarging the Social R&D Investment in Zhengzhou City,Several Policies and Measures for Further Accelerating the Development of Innovation and Entrepreneurship Carriers in Zhengzhou City,and Several Policies for Financing Development of Science and Technology Enterprises in Zhengzhou City,to support the R&D of enterprises with real gold and silver.
The document proposes that subsidies will be given to science and technology hawk enterprises,science and technology giant enterprises,science and technology gazelle enterprises and leading enterprises of science and technology innovation,with a maximum of 20 million yuan award;subsidies of up to 2 million yuan will be given to newly recognized carriers such as state,provincial and municipal public creation space,star creation heaven and earth,and incubator of science and technology enterprises;and solutions to the financing difficulties and expensive problems of science and technology enterprises will be provided.In support of enterprises listed on the GEM and GEM,the highest award is 5 million yuan.
Instruments,as an important part of manufacturing industry,play an important role in industrial production.In some high-end R&D projects,instrumentation plays an irreplaceable role.It has always been paid attention by the whole world,especially for China.As we all know,due to the late start and other factors,there are some problems in the instrument manufacturing industry in China,such as weak development and low technology level,which have not made breakthroughs in many core technologies.At the same time,with the influx of large foreign enterprises,the market of domestic instrument industry is constantly shrinking,which further limits the development of domestic instrument industry and causes malignancy.Cycle.At the beginning of 2019,the international giants'self-reliance on the advanced technology of their products and the dramatic price increase aroused the resonance of many colleges and universities,and also unveiled the shame of the domestic instrument industry.It is understood that as of 2018,there are about 1800 NMR spectrometers in China,of which more than 1400 are products from a foreign supplier,and only 50 are made in China.
In order to promote the research and development of instrument and instrument enterprises,China is also providing funds and guidance for instrument and instrument enterprises through the National Natural Science Foundation,major national science and technology projects,national key research and development plans,technical innovation guidance projects(funds)and base personnel projects.Over the past 10 years,China's total investment in basic research has grown rapidly at an average annual growth rate of nearly 15%,from 15.58 billion yuan in 2006 to 97.55 billion yuan in 2017,with increasing investment.
The Ministry of Science and Technology has issued a guideline for the declaration of key national R&D projects with a total budget of about 600 million yuan in 2018,in which a number of instrumentation projects have been planned.For example,a new architecture of instruments based on semantic interaction integration;in-situ calibration technology of instruments based on quantum effect;new instruments with edge computing capability;reliability design and verification technology of instruments for harsh environment;high-performance vacuum monitoring instruments;real-time on-line measurement instruments for special working conditions;high-performance special control valves,etc.
Under the guidance of these measures,China's innovation in many areas and new market players have achieved a large increase,innovation vitality is constantly released,many enterprises are continuing to carry out research and development of new technologies.In 2017,enterprises invested 1373.3 billion yuan in R&D,accounting for 78.5%of the total social investment.In addition,Huizhong Stock,Jicheng Electronics,Sanchuan Wisdom,Xintian Science and Technology,Ningbo Water Meter and other enterprises gradually increased their investment in NB-IoT technology research and development in 2018,and the expenditure accounted for more than 20%of the total operating cost.
The continuous investment of funds has also promoted the emergence of a number of major scientific and technological achievements.According to incomplete statistics,the International Standard ISO 16063-33:2017"Calibration Method of Vibration and Impact Sensors:Magnetic Sensitivity Test","Connection Dimensions of Key Optical Components of Microscopes","Safety Requirements for Electrical Equipment for Measurement,Control and Laboratory Part 2-203:Special Requirements for Industrial Communications Equipment",which is formulated by our country,has been put into project or published.With the development of new technology,the domestic instrument industry is expected to take the initiative in the international market.
At present,China is actively building a technology innovation system with enterprises as the main body and integration of industry,education and research.For instrument enterprises,it will be a good opportunity to show their skills.On the one hand,instrumentation enterprises should strengthen strategic research and judgment,improve judgment ability,and enhance the forward-looking and predictive system of science and technology innovation policy.On the other hand,instrumentation enterprises can combine universities and scientific research institutes to form a production-learning-research association,jointly carry out research and development of core technologies,and achieve core breakthroughs in technology.